Agriculture in U.S. Demographics

In the United States, agriculture is a significant economic sector that employs about 1 out of every eight workers. In addition to food production, it also provides jobs in areas such as manufacturing and transportation. The prevalence of these jobs makes it essential to understand how the industry impacts different demographic groups.

This article will explore how this sector affects people in varying demographics, including race, gender, age group, education level, and geographic location. The data included here comes from the U.S. Department Census of Agriculture (2012) report. It includes statistics on everything from the number of farms operated by various races or genders to what types of livestock or crops they raise.

The Need for Young Farmers

Many factors, including demographics, influence American agriculture. The agricultural industry in the United States has been changing over the past few decades due to demographic changes to society and technology.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that there will be a need for 1 million more farm-workers by 2024 due to an aging workforce and declining birth rates. To meet this demand, we have begun to import more produce from other countries, which has increased our trade deficit with foreign nations such as China. These trends suggest that we may not be able to feed ourselves without immigration reform or major policy shifts impacting work visas for those who harvest

The largest population segment of Americans is over 65 years old, and the population is aging at a faster pace compared to pasted decades. This challenges current agricultural producers who need younger people to replace them as they retire from farming.

These challenges have led to increased demand for organic crops that do not require pesticides or chemicals, which can be harmful to those seniors with allergies or sensitivities to such substances. To make sure these crops are profitable, farmers need to focus on marketing their products and increasing crop prices through innovations like hydroponics and vertical farming.

Who is the American Farmer?

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) reports that more than two million farms dot the nation, covering 897.4 million acres and accounting for 3% or 974 thousand in the total area covered by all types from commercial crops like cotton and rice to animal husbandry such as beef cattle raising. This does not include tens of thousands of small family-operated gardens that produce fruits, vegetables, flowers, ornamental plants, herbs gifted greens, etc.

The Demographics of Farmers

Farmers/Agricultural producers as a share of the labor force

Ever since President Trump signed an executive order calling for a census of farmers, the number has increased by 7%. The Agricultural Census is now at 3.2 million, and 64% are male gender-wise compared to 62% last time around in 2012 when they were older as well with almost one third being over 55 years old (32%), which accounts for their higher representation on farms than other sectors like workforce composition where veterans make up just 11 percent.

Where are the Farmers Living and Working?

Texas has the leading number of farmers: 412,575.  The Midwest rounds out the top five in terms of amount farmed land. It produces 32% more corn than any other region—a commodity that many Americans consume daily even if they’ve never grown it themselves or work directly as an agricultural producer.

A lot can happen within just one acre- don’t you think? From planting seeds into eating what we grow ourselves

The Midwest ranks above the top five states known to have the most numbers of farmers:

  • Missouri 162,345 or 10 percent of the labor force
  • Lowa 145,432 or 9 percent of the labor force
  • Ohio 130, 439 or 2 percent of the labor force
  • Oklahoma 130 434 or 7 percent of the labor force

Alaska is known as one of the largest states with the lowest number of farmers: It covers approximately 663,300  square miles and has 990 farmers as of 2017.

What do Farmers Grow, and How Big are their farms?

The average size of the 2.04 million American farms is 441 acres, but 57.7% can be found in families with more than one person involved! Farms that are not family-held account for only 29 % and specialize primarily in growing crops instead of raising cattle or chickens.

Family-held farm operations account for 60%. And 47%, just over half – rely primarily on crop production rather animal raised meats; 16% specializes mainly in growing oilseed or grains like corn, wheat & soybeans, while another 31/4.

Farmers are an integral part of the economy. They contribute heavily to other parts, including manufacturing and retail, with their produce–and even though they account for less than 1% of GDP in America as a whole, on average, a farm can make up to $32K per annum!

As a small but integral part of the economy, farmers play many roles contributing to our society. In 2017 they earned $65 billion in profits and contributed greatly towards other industries.

What Race Makes up the U.S. Agricultural Demography?

Understanding what the agricultural industry most impacts demographic groups is important for understanding how to position your products and services. For example, Hispanic Americans make up a large percentage of farm-workers in California. This means that if you’re marketing food or other goods, it might be helpful to create materials with Spanish translations and English ones so people can understand them.

It’s also worth noting that this group has lower levels of education than white non-Hispanic American farmers who may have more opportunities outside agriculture, such as working on an assembly line at a manufacturing plant. When planning out your strategy, considering these different factors will help ensure you reach all relevant populations while still staying true to yourself and your values!

Frequently Asked Questions

What race are most farmers?

Approximately 80% of ranchers, farmers, and other agricultural managers are white ( Non-Hispanic). This makes them one of the most common ethnicities that dominate agriculture in the United States. On the other hand, about 7.27% of ranchers, farmers, and other agricultural managers are white Hispanic. They make up the second most common ethnicity and race dominating agriculture in the United States.

How many farmers will be in the U.S. in 2020?

The sad truth is, the number of farmers is on a gradual decline. A recent survey showed that in the year 2020, there were approximately 2.02 million farmers in the United States. This Figure is a count down of what we had in 2007 with a total number of 2.20 million farmers.


The importance of agriculture in the United States is often overlooked, but it provides a lot of jobs for different demographic groups. One way to help people understand how important this industry is would be to consider who these jobs are providing employment and what they do beyond just food production.

This information could be used when considering where agricultural research funding goes or when looking at policy changes that may affect workers in this sector.

Leave a Comment